onel Williams will g'ive your Instructions on that head
and whence I wish you to take post; as I feel myself
under many Oblig-ations to you for your Exertions, to
promote the Service and particularly for your g'allant
Conduct in the Action at Eutaws [is i] Shall Still con-
sider myself under additional Oblig-ations, if you'll Ex-
ert yourself in providing for & accomodateing, the poor
unfortinate wound'd. Thier Distress for want of Sup-
plies wound my Humanity, our Victory was Complete,
and nothing but the House Saved the whole Army from
falling into Our Hands. The Enemy however fled to
Charlestown, at Eutaws they [Stored] thier Liquors and
left upwards of a Thousand Stand of Arms, and many
other Military Stores. When our Prisoners are all Col-
lected of the well & wound'd they will Amount to be-
tween four & five Hundred, and I think Thier Kill'd
and wound'd will be between live and Six Hundred; per-
haps more their loss — Our Loss is Considerable as the
Action was long & Obstinate
With Esteem & regards,
I am D'r Sir your most Obed't Humble Serv't
to colonel Malmedy.
AN AUTUMN LEAF.
Torn from th}- stem poor, withered leaf
Where goest thou?
'I nothing- know, the storm swept oak
Where once I clung- at last is broke.
Tossed on the breath of restless g'ale
From wood to plain, from mount to vale,
I g-o where blows th' inconstant wind
Nor sig-h, nor find my fate unkind.
I g-o where all thing's fair must come,
Where thou, in turn, must find a home.
There lies the rose when life is done
There fall the laurels one by one."
— From the French of At'nault.
THE TWO CALDWELL MONUMENTS ON THE CAMPUS
OF THE UNIVEFSSiTY OF NORTH CAROLINA.
DR. Joseph Caldwell came to Chapel Hill on October
31st, 1796, from a Tutorship at Princeton Univer-
sity, then and until recently, the "College of New Jer-
sey." He entered upon his duties as Professor of Math-
ematics after only one day's rest, and in a few months
the institution was placed under his charge as Presiding-
Professor. His health beginning to fail after two years,
the Trustees, in order to prevent his departure gave the
principalship to Rev. James S. Gillaspie, but after a
rather stormy administration he resigned the place and
Mr. Caldwell was induced to take charge a second time.
In 1804 the Trustees elected him to the Presidency and
he continued in this office until 1813. Being fond of the
study and teaching of Mathematics, and wishing to com-
plete his treatise on Geometry, he applied to the Trustees
to choose a new President, recommending Rev. Robert
Hett Chapman, D. D., of New York. His counsel was
heeded but, after four years unpleasant experience, main-
ly on account of the heated political feeling engendered
by the war with England, Dr. Chapman gave up his
post and early in January, 1817, Dr. Caldwell again
became President, very reluctantly, but as a matter of
duty to the University he loved so well. He had already
resisted the blandishments of a larger salary and the
chief place in a richer college of another state.
After a few years the University came into possession
102 The University Magazine
of considerable funds from the sale of Tennessee lands,
and became more prosperous. Hig-h water mark was
reached in 1823, the number being- 173, which, consider-
ing- the sparse population and difficulty of travelling- in
those da\"s, was conclusive proof of the public confidence.
The Trustees, on this account, and in expectation of con-
tinued receipts from the sale of their lands, sent Dr.
Caldwell to Europe, at his ovvm sug-g-estion, for the pur-
chase of books and apparatus for instruction, and beg-an
the construction of a new chapel, the Old West Building-
and a third story to the Old East. The Faculty also
It was not long- before a financial crisis came and
blasted this prosperit}'. The number of students dimin-
ished, the sales of land ceased and the g-olden stream from
Tennessee dried up. The Trustees were no wiser than
other men. They shrunk from discarding- professors and
discontinuing- their building-, and soon they owed a debt
of forty thousand dollars.
Anxiety about this financial trouble was not the only
affliction of the g-ood President. He was attacked by a
g-rievous internal malady, which became a constant and
chronic torture. He journeyed to Philadelphia, whose
phj'sicians then stood at the head of their profession in
America, but they thoug-ht his disease be3'ond the reach
of surg-ery. Bravely and uncomplaining-ly he per-
formed his duties, never asking for aid. Even when the'
Trustees elected Professor, afterwards Judge, Walker
Anderson, to perform his duties, he insisted on taking
on himself half the work. He sunk to his rest on
the 27th of January, 1835. He was buried in the middle
of the lot now called the Village Cemetery, which had
The Caldwell Monuments 103
been laid off on University land and enclosed by a stone
wall under his direction. His gfrave had been walled i n
b}' his own orders.
President Caldwell attained a very high place in the
public reg-ard. In 1804, simultaneously with his election
as President, the General Assembly appointed him a
Trustee of the University. He was the astronomical ex-
pert to run the western part of the boundary line between
the Carolinas. He had published admirable letters over
the pen name of Carlton, advocating a railroad from
our Western boundary to Beaufort. Pie had ably cham-
pioned popular education. The name of the county of
Caldwell given six years after his death shows the esti-
mation of the legislature, the representatives of the
people. The following resolutions of the Trustees,
whom he served, have the merit of truth without exag-
"Raleigh, 6th of February, 1835.
On motion of Governor Swain.
Whereas the Executive Committee with the deepest
emotions of sorrow have received intelligence of the
death of Rev'd. Joseph Caldwell, D. D., President of the
Resolved unanimously, that by the eminent purity of
his life, his patriotism and zeal in the cause of learning,
and his long, faithful and distinguished public service
at the head of the University, Doctor Caldwell has ap-
proved himself one of the noblest benefactors of the
State and deserves the lasting gratitude and reverence of
Professor Anderson was then requested to prepare a
memoir of the life and character of the deceased Presi-
104 The University Magazine
dent, to be be delivered at the following- Commencement.
This was excellently done and was printed in pamphlet.
Judg-e Frederick Nash and Rev. Dr. Wm. McPhcctcrs
were appointed to erect an appropriate monument "in
the burial g-round near the University. " The authorities
afterwards concluded to place it in the Campus, and the
site chosen was thought to be sufficiently' remote from any
building- then standing or likely to be erected. Its in-
convenient proximity to the New AVest Building- shows
how mistaken as to the progress of the University were
The body of Dr Caldwell has been exhumed twice. A
day or two after his death, at the instance of the Philan-
thropic Society, it was taken up by Mr. A¥aug-h of Ral-
eig-h in order to procure a plaster cast of his features.
The bust is now in Gerrard Hall and is a faithful repro-
duction. The g-rave was reopened on October 31st 1846
and the remains were reinterred by the side of his wife
at the base of the monument.
His wife died October 30th, 1846, while on a visit to
Chapel Hill. Her maiden name was Helen Hogg-, she
being a daughter of James Hogg-, a prominent merchant
of Hillsboro, who was one of the Commissioners that
chose the site for the University. Her first husband was
William Hooper, son of the Signer of the Declaration of
Independence of the same name. He died early leaving-
two sons, William and Thomas Clark, and when the
elder was prepared for the University, she moved to
Chapel Hill in order to have him with her. Dr. Cald-
well had married Susan Rowan, who, with her infant
daughter, died soon leaving him a widower and childless.
Before many years elapsed the fascinating young widow
The Caldwell Monuments 105
l)ecame the President's wife, and well she adorned her
station by the g-raciousness of her manners the activity
of her benevolence and leadership in g-ood works. Her
elder son, Rev. Wm. Hooper, D. D., became one of the
ripest scholars, the most interesting- and informing
speakers and most learned divines in the South. After
the President's death she moved back to Hillsboro, where
were many relations, and was on a visit to Chapel Hill
when she died. The following notice, kindly copied
for me by Miss Alice C. Heartt from the Hillsboro Rec-
order, of which her father, Mr. Demnis Heath, was for
many years editor, is a truthful estimate.
Thursday, November 5th, 1846.
"Died at Chapel Hill on Friday morning-, the 30th
ultimo, in the 78th 3'ear of her age, Mrs. Helen Caldwell,
relict of the Rev. Dr. Joseph Caldwell, late President of
the University of North Carolina. The deceased was a
woman of extraordinary endowments, blending- in her
character the hig-hest mental culture with all the Christ-
ian graces, in their liveliest exercise. She has left few
superiors; and those who enjoyed her acquaintance will
feel that, by her removal, a space has been left in society,
which will not soon be filled. But with what confidence
can her friends and relations commit her to the tomb.
She was a brig-ht and shining- lig-ht in the Church, and
it was impossible to be in her company without admiring
the Cristian cheerfulness which she at all times exhib-
"The funeral obsequies were performed at Chapel Hill
on Sunday last, the President and Faculty of the Uni-
versity acting- as pall-bearers on the occasion. The
106 The University Magazine
sermon was delivered bv the Rev. Dr. !\Iitchell from
Phil. IV. 3, and lier remains were dei)Ositcd with those
of her late husband, at the base of the monument
erected to his memory 1:>\- the Trustees of the Univer-
Thirty years afterwards her child, Dr. William Hooper,
after laliorin^;- in many fields, was iivins>- in Chapel Plill,
where he had spent most of hisl)oyliood an<l much of his
manhood. He was attacked bv a fatal disease and as
he felt himself sinkiny towards the portals of death,
long-ed to be laid by tlie side of b.is mother. The Uni-
versity authorities readilv granted his request, and,
when on the l*)th of August, ls7(), the Centennial anni-
versary of the sig-ning- by his gfrandfather of the instru-
ment which declared the independence of the American
people, the g^ood man breathed his last, he was borne
from Gerrard Hall to the resting- place which he liad
This monument is of sandstone from one of the quar-
ries near the University Building-s, possiblv that on the
land bequeathed to the institution b}- !\Irs. IMary I^liza-
beth Mason. The stone soon beg-an to crumble and
g-row ding-y. Moreover the plan was to insert on the
eastern face a marble slab with an appropriate inscription
in Latin. When this slab came from the v/orkman at
the North, the Latin was found to be so atrociously bad
as to be be3'ond amendment. The Professor of that lan-
g"uag-e, in disg-ust, seized a hamm.er and broke the offend-
ing- marble into frag-inents. It was never replaced.
At the Commencement of 1847 amid the g-eneral
enthusiasm aroused b}^ the visit of President Polk to the
scene of his graduation twenty-nine years before, it w^as
THE OLD CALDWELL MONUMENT.
108 The University Magazine
proposed to erect a new inonument of marble, more
worthy of the President, so much venerated b}- the ohler
Alumni. The motion was made by Jolin Y. Mason, of
the class of 18U), then Secretary of the Nav}-. Presi-
dent Polk headed the subscription and others of the emi-
nent Alumni present followed, it beini^ ajj-reed that no
one should contribute more than three dollars. It was
not until the Commencement of 1858 that the monument
was ready to be dedicated. It was prei)ared under the
supervision of a Committee, President Swain, Mr. Wm.
J. Bing-ham and Judge William H. Battle.
It is an obelisk of white marble over twent^y feet higdi,
standing- in front of the South Building-, not far from
the Davie Poplar. A tablet toward the top bears as
emblem of Dr. Caldwell's services to the State, a Rail
Road wheel, an Eng-ineer's Transit, and the Holy Bible.
The inscriptions are as follows:
On the North face;
"In g-rateful acknowledgment
Of their oblig-ation to
The First President of this Universit}-,
Joseph CakUvell, D. D.
The President of the United States,
The Governor of North Carolina,
And other Alumni
Have raised this mxOnument
A. D. 1847.''
On the West face;
"Born at Laming-ton, New^ Jersej',
April 21st 1773.
Professor of Mathematics in this
Died at Chapel Hill
January 27, 1835."
The Caldwell Monuments 109
On the South face;
"He was an early
Conspicuous and devoted advocate
Of the cause of Common Schools and
Internal improvements in North Carolina."
On the East face;
"Near him repose the remains of
His beloved wife,
The monument is the work of Struthers and Company
of Philadelphia. It was transported by water to Vv^'il-
ming-ton, and then, by the liberality of the Wilming-ton
and Weldon and North Carolina Railroad Companies,
broug-ht without charg-e to Durham. Mr. Paul C. Cam-
eron with like g-enerosity caused it to be hauled with
his own team over the roug-h road to Chapel Hill, the
bridg-e over New Hope being- specially streng-thened to
bear the unusual weig-ht.
The dedicatory services were on the day preceding-
Commencement day, 1858. The Alumni marched from
Smith Hall, while the band played a funeral dirg-e, to
the site of the monument, and standing- around it with
uncovered heads, sang- tke g-rand Doxolog-y, "Praise God
from whom all blessing-s flow." Then Rev. Dr. James
Phillips, the only survivor of Dr. Caldwell's colleagues,
offered a prayer with that extraordinary propriety of
lang-uag-e and solemnity of utterance for which he was
distinguished. The procession was ag-ain formed and,
marching- to Gerrard Hall, the Alumni, students and
visitors, listened to an ex.:ellent address, commemorative
of the deceased President, b}' one of his pupils and
greatest admirers, President of the Alumni Association,
no The University Magazine
the late Paul C. Cameron. I g-ive a few words of his
eiilog-}' delivered in 188'> at the Charter Centennial.
"These woods must ever call up the memory, form
and characteristics of Joseph Caldwell, and will, as long-
as these walls by which we are surrounded shall stand,
or this pleasant village is known as a seat of learning;
and so long as the name of the University is on the map;
it will be associated with that of the first President.
To leave it out would be as if the topog-rapher should
present us with Switzerland without its profile of mount-
ains, or old Eg'3'pt without its overflowing and fertiliz-
ing Nile, or our vast North American Continent without
the great Father of Waters, in his grand sweep from the
lakes of the North to the Gulf of Mexico. The good
man needs no euology at my hands, and no praise of
mine can add a cubit to his stature. His early struggles
in its behalf must stand alone in the building up of this
institution. He came like Paul to plant, and then like
Apollos to water with his tears, prayers, benedictions
and benefactions to the end of his days — a continuous
effort of thirty-one years.''
"It is a pleasant memory to the surviving Alumni to
renri the stendv devotion of good President Caldwell to
this institution and his complete identification of him-
self with the citizens of the State in every interest. He
made himself a freeholder and a slave-holder, and today
the chief servant* of the institution is of his famih^ of
slaves. And so long as the great trunk line railroad
from Morehead Cit}- shall increase the wealth and com-
merce of the State the name of Caldwell will be remem-
bered as its first projector in the letters of 'Carlton.' "
Kemp P. Battle, '49.
* The late Wilson Caldwell.